law pages of Bournemouth and Poole College.
Rural Affairs Minister Alun Michael who has also served as a Home Office minister responsible for police and criminal justice and also a former magistrate has been called for jury service in London.
The Lord Chancellor is to issue guidance to ministers to advise them whether or not they should inform the court of their status or disclose if they have had any involvement in legislation relevant to the case.
It would also appear that even the Prime Minister would not be able to escape jury service.
A nine-judge Judicial Committee of the Privy Council yesterday abolished the mandatory death penalty in Jamaica. The Committee, headed by Lord Bingham, included Lords Steyn, Rodger, Hope, Hoffmann, Nicholls, Walker and Scott, and a senior judge from Jamaica, Edward Zacca. The ruling affects over 60 prisoners on death row. Normally the committee sits as a panel of five. The mandatory penalty will remain in Trinidad and Barbados because the same judges, by a majority of five to four, ruled that the clear wording of the constitutions in Trinidad and Barbados prevented them from striking it down. Three leading English QCs, Nicholas Blake, Edward Fitzgerald and Keir Starmer, argued the cases for the prisoners, free of charge. Although the mandatory death penalty has abolished courts are still free to impose it, if appropriate.
It is thought this is the first time the Privy Council has sat as a committee of nine.
[Arrest - person arrested must be told essential legal and factual grounds for his arrest - Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, s 28(3)]
D a police officer arrested C who was 10 years old who was at an anti-vivisection demonstration with his mother. He had been identified from video and still photographs taken at an earlier demonstration at the same location, where he was filmed throwing rocks and stones.
Held: The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, s 28(3) provides: ‘No arrests is lawful unless the person arrested is informed of the ground for the arrest at the time of or as soon as practicable after the arrest’. The arresting officer had informed the claimant of the ground for the arrest within s 28(3) of the 1984 Act and art 5(2) of the European Convention on Human Rights. He was told both the essential legal and factual grounds for his arrest, namely that he was suspected of taking part in violent disorder at the same place on the occasion of the previous demonstration. The words used were sufficient and the arrest was lawful.
D won but C proved that he had been detained for about an hour longer than necessary and damages were agreed for the one hour.
The Office of the Legal Services Ombudsman completed 1,731 investigations into complaints between 1 April and 30 September 2003 and 1,485 new cases were accepted during that period. The average turnaround for investigation of complaints by the Ombudsman decreased from 5.6 to 2.5 months. The total amount awarded in compensation was £200,090, with an average of £431 per award; the highest award was £4,000 for distress and inconvenience, while the lowest was £50 for inconvenience. Complaints about solicitors comprised 87 per cent of the Ombudsman’s workload. Of these, she made no formal recommendation or criticism in 53 per cent of cases, indicating more dissatisfaction with the Law Society’s complaints handling procedures compared with last year’s figure of 67 per cent. However, the Law Society did reduce its live caseload by 1,090 cases (8.5 per cent).
The Ombudsman provides an independent check on the complaint-handling activities of the Office for the Supervision of Solicitors, as well as the General Council of the Bar, the Institute of Legal Executives, the Council for Licensed Conveyancers and the Chartered Institute of Patent Agents. The current Ombudsman, Ms Zahida Manzoor CBE, was appointed in March 2003.
Sir David Clementi was commissioned by Constitutional Affairs Secretary of State, Lord Falconer, to produce a wide-ranging review of the regulation of legal services. Sir David will report by the end of the year.
2 July 2004: Constitutional Affairs Secretary Lord Falconer called today for more young people and those from minority ethnic backgrounds to become magistrates in Dorset.
No magistrates aged 18 have been appointed since the Lord Chancellor lowered effective age of appointment from 27 to 18 in 2003.
He was speaking during a visit to Bournemouth on Friday whilst visiting several agencies and staff within the Criminal Justice System (CJS) such as the Pre-Charge Advice Centre, Detained Persons Unit, Volume Crime Investigation Unit and Bournemouth Crown Court.
There are 322 magistrates in Dorset. However, only five are under 40 years of age and only eight come from a minority ethnic background. More magistrates in their twenties and thirties would provide a more diverse magistracy that would better reflect the community it serves.
Lord Falconer said:
“Magistrates are the cornerstone of our justice system. The overwhelming majority of criminal cases begin and end in the magistrates’ courts. They play a major part in meeting the Government’s commitment to narrowing the justice gap.
“That is why we need to re-double our efforts and recruit younger magistrates and increase the number of candidates from a more diverse background.
“One of the main difficulties in recruiting from minority ethnic communities lies in the generally held, but erroneous view, that to become a magistrate you have to be white, middle class, middle-age and professional. This is a preconception that we have to challenge.”
Lord Falconer said that Dorset was a good example to the rest of the country, however, in its recruitment of women magistrates with about half of all magistrates in the county being female.
Dorset’s youngest sitting magistrate is not only a woman but was just 29 years old when she was appointed last year. Heidi Leavesley endorsed Lord Falconer’s push for younger people to become magistrates, saying it’s brought a whole new dimension to her life.
“Becoming a Magistrate has been rewarding for so many reasons.
“The role is so stimulating and challenging personally and allows me to make a real contribution to my community. Also, as a busy mum and part time employee, the workable number of sittings and general flexibility means that I can easily balance my courts sittings with my other roles so I really do get the best of both worlds.
“Personally, I would love to see more young people getting involved because they have so much to offer to the bench. Different approaches, different perspectives and different experiences – all of these things help maintain balance and that is key, in my opinion, to maintaining a healthy bench.”
Last year the Government launched a national campaign to recruit more magistrates generally.
It wants to:
- Almost double the number of new magistrates appointed each year over the next three years, from 1,500 to 2,500. This is a vital element of the Government’s commitment to narrowing the justice gap of bringing 1.2 million offences to justice by 2005/06.
- Encourage younger people to become magistrates – less than four per cent are under 40. About 80 per cent of magistrates are over 50.
- Targeted recruitment of ethnic minorities in cities where they are under-represented.
- Encourage more people with disabilities to become magistrates.
- Encourage employers to give workers time off to become magistrates.
- The Government is proposing cutting the number of the minimum number of sitting days to the equivalent of one a month.
There are about 28,000 lay magistrates in England and Wales.
48 magistrates are between 40 – 49 years
150 magistrates are between 50 – 59 years
119 magistrates are between 60 – 69 years
29 June 2004: The Department for Constitutional Affairs announced that it intends to simplify the rules for Conditional Fee Arrangements (CFAs) (“No Win No Fee”) which were hoped would promote access to justice. CFAs replaced Legal Aid in civil cases, four years ago.
Some observers claim this will take the UK further towards an unrestricted compensation culture.
Defendants’ costs which have risen substantially to cover the success fees, which is part of their CFA.
CFAs are complex and opaque.
Reports that clients are being exploited by the unregulated and sometimes unscrupulous intermediary claims management companies.
The ‘indemnity principle’, where a party cannot recover from the loser more than he is actually liable to pay his lawyer.
Little is expected to change until late 2005.
DCA details here
From 2006, upfront university fees will be abolished. Full-time undergraduate students will not have to pay fees before or during their university education, while their parents will not have to pay fees at any time. Graduates will only pay once they are earning and at a level linked to their earnings.
The point at which graduates start paying back their (real rate interest free) loan will rise from the current level of £10,000 to £15,000. A graduate earning £20,000 will pay just £8.65 per week no matter what they owe, against £17.31 per week under the current scheme.
Sir Colin Campbell, first commissioner of the Commission for Judicial Appointments has produced a critical report of the system for appointing judges. He says those who are appointed may well be the best candidates for appointment, but their credibility may be undermined by the failings of the system that appointed them, and that unfairness and patronage cannot be easily rejected under the current system. He went on to say the system needs radical change.
The Commission had access to the 2003 selection of High Court judges. They had access to files, e-mails and private briefings.
Of the nine candidates offered High Court positions, the Lord Chancellor himself had nominated three. The Commission believes the nomination system should end and all potential High Court judges should be applicants.
The report offers an unprecedented look at the appointments process and the Commission believes it is fundamentally flawed, and urged the government not to wait until 2006 for the introduction of the Independent Judicial Appointments Commission.
The role of the Commission for Judicial Appointments is to deal with complaints about the current system